# Working Papers

588. Goolsbee, Austan D. and Alan B. Krueger. "A Retrospective Look at Rescuing and Restructuring General Motors and Chrysler," February 2015.  This Working paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

587. Hall, Jonathan V. and Alan B. Krueger. "An Analysis of the Labor Market for Uber’s Driver-Partners in the United States," January 2015.  This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

578. Krueger, Alan B., Alexandre Mas, and Xiaotong Niu.  "The Evolution of Rotation Group Bias: Will the Real Unemployment Rate Please Stand Up?," August 2014.  This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

565. Krueger, Alan B. and Ilyana Kuziemko. "The Demand for Health Insurance among Uninsured Americans: Results of a Survey Experiment and Implications for Policy," April 2011. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

563. Dale, Stacy and Alan B. Krueger. "Estimating the Return to College Selectivity over the Career Using Administrative Earning Data," February 2011. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

562. Krueger, Alan B. and Andreas Mueller. "Job Search and Job Finding in a Period of Mass Unemployment: Evidence from High-Frequency Longitudinal Data," January 2011. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

549. Kleiner, Morris M. and Alan B. Krueger. "Analyzing the Extent and Influence of Occupational Licensing on the Labor Market," May 2009. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

533. Krueger, Alan B. "What Makes a Homegrown Terrorist? Human Capital and Participation in Domestic Islamic Terrorist Groups in the U.S.A.," September 2008. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

532. Krueger, Alan B. and Andreas Mueller. "Job Search and Unemployment Insurance: New Evidence from Time Use Data," August 2008. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

531. Kleiner, Morris and Alan B. Krueger. "The Prevalence and Effects of Occupational Licensing," August 2008. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

524. Krueger, Alan B. and Andreas Mueller. "The Lot of the Unemployed: A Time Use Perspective," May 2008. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

523. Krueger, Alan B., Daniel Kahneman; David Schkade; Norbert Schwarz and Arthur A. Stone. "National Time Accounting: The Currency of Life," April 2008. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

517. Krueger, Alan B. and David Schkade. "Sorting in the Labor Market: Do Gregarious Workers Flock to Interactive Jobs?" January 2007. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

516. Krueger, Alan B. and David Schkade. "The Reliability of Subjective Well-Being Measures," January 2007. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

499. Connolly, Marie and Alan B. Krueger. "Rockonomics: The Economics of Popular Music," March 2005. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

ERS 9. Krueger, Alan B.; Jesse Rothstein and Sarah Turner. "Race, Income and College in 25 Years: The Continuing Legacy of Segregation and Discrimination," November 2004. Education Research Section.

496. Blinder, Alan S. and Alan B. Krueger. "What Does the Public Know about Economic Policy, and How Does It Know It?" September 2004. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

484. Krueger, Alan B. "The Economics of Real Superstars: The Market for Rock Concerts in the Material World." April 2004. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

ERS 5. Rouse, Cecilia and Alan B. Krueger. "Putting Computerized Instruction to the Test: A Randomized Evaluation of a "Scientifically-based" Reading Program," October 2003. Education Research Section.

ERS 4. Krueger, Alan B. " Rejoinder to Peterson and Howell," October 2003. Education Research Section.
ERS 1. Krueger, Alan B. and Pei Zhu. "Another Look at the New York City School Voucher Experiment," April 2003. Education Research Section.

470. Krueger, Alan and Pei Zhu. "Another Look at the New York City School Voucher Experiment." November 2002. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.American Behavioral Scientist, vol. 47, no. 5, January 2004.

466. Krueger, Alan. "Inequality, Too Much of a Good Thing." April 2002. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

461. Krueger, Alan B. and Alexandre Mas. "Strikes, Scabs and Tread Separations: Labor Strife and the Production of Defective Bridgestone/Firestone Tires." January 2002.This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.Journal of Political Economy, vol 112, no. 2, 2004.

455. Angrist, Joshua D. and Alan B. Krueger. "Instrumental Variables and the Search for Identification: From Supply and Demand to Natural Experiments." August 2001.This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol 15, No 4, Fall 2001.

454. Hines Jr., James R., Hilary Hoynes and Alan B. Krueger. "Another Look at Whether a Rising Tide Lifts All Boats." July 2001. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

451. Krueger, Alan B. and Diane M. Whitmore. "Would Smaller Classes Help Close the Black-White Achievement Gap?" March 2001. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

449. Kling, Jeffrey R. and Alan B. Krueger. "Cost, Benefits and Distributional Consequences of Inmate Labor." January 2001. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

447. Krueger. Alan B. "Economic Considerations and Class Size." September 2000. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

434. Krueger, Alan B. "The Digital Divide in Educating African-American Students and Workers." March, 2000. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file.Building Skills for Black Workers: Preparing for The Future Labor Market (The Black Worker in the 21st Century, vol. 2.), edited by Cecilia Conrad and Margaret Simms, Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, Washington, DC:2004.

429. Krueger, Alan B. and Mikael Lindahl. "Education for Growth: Why and For Whom?" January, 2000. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file. Journal of Economic Literature, Vol 39, No 4, December 2001.

428. Krueger, Alan B. "Labor Policy and Labor Research Since the 1960s: Two Ships Sailing in Orthogonal Directions?" December, 1999. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.Economic Events, Ideas and Policies: The 1960s and After, edited by George Perry and James Tobin, Washington, DC:Brookings Press, 2000.

427. Krueger, Alan B. and Diane M. Whitmore. "The Effect of Attending a Small Class in the Early Grades on College-Test Taking and Middle School Test Results: Evidence from Project STAR." October, 1999. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file.Economic Journal, 111 (468) January 2001.

424. Krueger, Alan. "From Bismarck to Maastricht: The March to European Union and the Labor Compact." September, 1999. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. Labour Economics, vol. 7, no. 2, March 2000.

416. Katz, Lawrence F. and Alan B. Krueger. "The High-pressure U.S. Labor Market of the 1990s." May, 1999. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Vol 0, No. 1, 1999.

413. Krueger, Alan B. "Measuring Labor's Share" January, 1999. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. AEA Papers and Proceedings, Vol. 89 No. 2, May, 1999. Reprinted in Michael Sattinger, ed.,Income Distribution (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2001.

411. Krueger, Alan B. and Mikael Lindahl. "Education for Growth in Sweden and the World." December, 1998. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file.Swedish Economic Policy Review, vol. 6, no. 2, Autumn 1999.

409. Dale, Stacy Berg and Alan B. Krueger. "Estimating the Payoff to Attending a More Selective College: An Application of Selection on Observables and Unobservables." December, 1998. This Revised Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. Quarterly Journal of Economics, November 2002.

403. Krueger, Alan B. and Stephen Wu. "Forecasting Successful Economics Graduate Students." September, 1998. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file.Journal of Economic Education, vol. 31, no. 1, Winter 2000.

401. Angrist, Joshua D. and Alan B. Krueger. "Empirical Strategies in Labor Economics." June, 1998. This Revised Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. Revised October, 1998.Handbook of Labor Economics, vol. 3A, edited by Orley Ashenfelter and David Card, Amsterdam:Elsevier.

395. Krueger, Alan B. "Reassessing the View that American Schools Are Broken." January, 1998. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file.Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 4, no. 1, March 1998.

393. Card, David and Alan B. Krueger. "A Reanalysis of the Effect of the New Jersey Minimum Wage Increase on the Fast-Food Industry with Representative Payroll Data." December, 1997. This revised Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf files.American Economic Review, 2000.

392. Krueger, Alan B. and Aaron Siskind. "Assessing Bias in the Consumer Price Index from Survey Data" December, 1997. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file.Monthly Labor Review, vol. 121, no. 4, April 1998.

390. Krueger, Alan B. and Jorn-Steffan Pischke. "Observations and Conjectures on the U.S. Employment Miracle" August, 1997. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. In Third Public German-American Academic Council Symposium, 1998, Bonn Germany, pp. 99-125. Excerpt reprinted inWirtschafts Politsche Blätter, vol. 3, January 1999, pp. 259-67.

389. Fuchs, Victor; Alan B. Krueger; and James M. Poterba. "Why Do Economists Disagree About Policy? The Roles of Beliefs About Parameters and Values" August, 1997. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. "Economists' Views about Parameters, Values, and Policies: Survey Results in Labor and Public Economics,"Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 35 (September 1998), pp. 1387-1425.

379. Krueger, Alan B. "Experimental Estimates of Education Production Functions" May, 1997. The revised version is available as a pdf file.The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Volume 114, Issue 2, May 1999.

377. Autor, David H.; Lawrence F. Katz and Alan B. Krueger. "Computing Inequality: Have Computers Changed the Labor Market?" March, 1997. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file.The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 113, No. 4, November 1998.

375. Krueger, Alan B. "Labor Market Shifts and the Price Puzzle Revisited." January, 1997. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file.

370. Krueger, Alan and Helen Levy. "Accounting for the Slowdown in Employer Health Care Costs." November, 1996. 89th Annual Conference on Taxation of the National Tax Association, 1996. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file.

367. Krueger, Alan. "Do Markets Respond More To More Reliable Labor Market Data? A Test of Market Rationality." September, 1996. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file.

366. Card, David and Alan Krueger. "School Resources and Student Outcomes: An Overview of the Literature and New Evidence from North and South Carolina." July, 1996. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file.Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol 10 No . 4, Fall 1996.

362. Krueger, Alan. "Observations on International Labor Standards and Trade," April, 1996. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file.Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics, 1996 (Washington, DC: The World Bank, 1996).

358. Krueger, Alan B and Jorn-Steffen Pischke. "A Statistical Analysis of Crime Against Foreigners in Unified Germany." February, 1996. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file.Journal of Human Resources, Vol 32, No. 1, Winter, 1997.

357. Card, David and Alan B. Krueger. "Labor Market Effects of School Quality: Theory and Evidence," January, 1996. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf files. NBER Working Paper No. 5450. In Gary Burtless, (ed.) Does Money Matter? The Link Between Schools, Student Achievement and Adult Success, (Washington, DC:The Brookings Institution, 1996.)

349. Krueger, Alan and Douglas Kruse. "Labor Market Effects of Spinal Cord Injuries in the Dawn of the Computer Age." October, 1995. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

337. Card, David and Alan B. Krueger. "The Effect of the Minimum Wage on Shareholder Wealth." November, 1994. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file.

334. Card, David and Alan Krueger. "The Economic Return to School Quality: A Partial Survey." October, 1994. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. In William E. Becker and William J. Baumol (eds.),Assessing Educational Practices: The Contribution of Economics, (Cambridge, MA:MIT Press, 1995.)

333. Card, David and Alan Krueger. "A Living Wage? The Effects of the Minimum Wage on the Distribution of Wages, the Distribution of Family Earnings, and Poverty." October, 1994. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

332. Forslund, Anders and Alan Krueger. "An Evaluation of the Swedish Active Labor Market Policy: New and Received Wisdom." July, 1994. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file. In Richard Freeman, Brigitta Swedenborg and Robert Topel (eds.),The Welfare State in Transition, (Chicago:University of Chicago Press, 1996.)

330. Krueger, Alan B. "The Effect of the Minimum Wage When It Really Bites: A Reexamination of the Evidence from Puerto Rico." May, 1994. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. In Solomon Polachek (ed.)Research in Labor Economics, Vol. 14, (Greenwich, CT:JAI Press, 1995.)

329. Krueger, Alan and Cecilia Rouse. "New Evidence on Workplace Education." May, 1994. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. (The Effect of Workplace Education on Earnings, Turnover, and Job Performance) The Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 16, No. 1, 1998.

323. Krueger, Alan. "Observations on Employment-Based Government Mandates, With Particular Reference to Health Insurance". January, 1994. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. In Michael Bruno and Boris Pleskovic (eds.)Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics, 1996 (Washington, DC:The World Bank, 1997.)

320. Angrist, Joshua and Alan B. Krueger. "Split Sample Instrumental Variables." October, 1993. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file.Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, Vol. 13, No. 2, April, 1995.

316. Card, David; Lawrence F. Katz and Alan B. Krueger. "Comment on David Neumark and William Wascher, 'Employment Effects of Minimum and Subminimum Wages: Panel Data on State Minimum Wage Laws'". April 1993. This Working Paper is available as a pdf file.Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 47, No. 3, April, 1994.

315. Card, David and Alan B. Krueger. "Minimum Wages and Employment: A Case Study of the Fast Food Industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania." March, 1993. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. American Economic Review, Vol. 84, No. 4, September, 1994.

310. Card, David and Alan Krueger. "Trends in Relative Black/White Earnings Revisited." This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 83 May, 1993.

307. Krueger, Alan B. and Jorn-Steffen Pischke. "A Comparative Analysis of East and West German Labor Markets: Before and After Unification." August, 1992. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file. In Richard B. Freeman and Lawrence F. Katz (eds.)Differences and Changes in Wage Structures (Chicago:University of Chicago Press, 1995.)

306. Farber, Henry S. and Alan B. Krueger. "Union Membership in the United States: The Decline Continues." This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file. InEmployee Representation: Alternatives and Future Directions, Bruce Kaufman and Morris Kleiner, editor s. Industrial Relations Research Association, 1993.

304. Ashenfelter, Orley and Alan Krueger. "Estimates of the Economic Return to Schooling from a New Sample of Twins." July, 1992. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file. American Economic Review, Vol. 84, No. 5, December, 1994.

301. Boozer, Michael A.; Alan B. Krueger and Shari Wolkon. "Race and School Quality Since Brown vs. Board of Education." This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity: Microeconomics,1992.

298. Katz, Lawrence F. and Alan B. Krueger. "The Effect of the Minimum Wage on the Fast Food Industry." February, 1992. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. Industrial and Labor Relations Review Vol 46, No. 1, October, 1992.

291. Krueger, Alan B. "How Computers Have Changed the Wage Structure: Evidence From Microdata, 1984-89." This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file. Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol 108, No. 1, February 1993.

290. Angrist, Joshua D. and Alan B. Krueger. "Estimating the Payoff to Schooling Using the Vietnam-era Draft Lottery." August, 1991. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file. NBER Working Paper No. 4067, May, 1992.

282. Katz, Lawrence F. and Alan B. Krueger. "Changes in the Structure of Wages in the Public and Private Sectors." March, 1991. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. Research in Labor Economics, Vol. 12 (Greewich, CT:JAI Press, 1991.)

280. Katz, Lawrence F. and Alan B. Krueger. "The Effect of the New Minimum Wage Law in a Low-Wage Labor Market." January 1991. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.IRRA 43rd. Annual Proceedings, Vol. 43, 1991.

279. Gruber, Jonathan and Alan B. Krueger. "The Incidence of Mandated Employer-Provided Insurance: Lessons from Workers' Compensations Insurance." This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file. In David Bradford (ed.), Tax Policy and the Economy, Vol 5, (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1991.)

274. Angrist, Joshua D. and Alan B. Krueger. "The Effect of Age at School Entry on Educational Attainment: An Application of Instrumental Variables with Moments from Two Samples." October 1990. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 87, No. 418, June 1992.

273. Angrist, Joshua D. and Alan B. Krueger. "Does Compulsory School Attendance Affect Schooling and Earnings?" June 1990. This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 106, No. 4, November 1991.

272. Card, David and Alan B. Krueger. "School Quality and Black/White Relative Earnings: A Direct Assessment." This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 106, No. 1, November, 1991.

265. Card, David and Alan B. Krueger. "Does School Quality Matter? Returns to Education and the Characteristics of Public Schools in the United States." May 1990. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file. Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 100, No. 1, 1992.

261. Krueger, Alan B. "Worker's Compensation Insurance and the Duration of Workplace Injuries." This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. 3253, February, 1990.

258. Krueger, Alan B. "The Evolution of Unjust-Dismissal Legislation in the United States." This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.Industrial and Labor Relations Review, vol 44, no. 4, July 1991.

255. Krueger, Alan and Jorn-Steffen Pischke. "The Effect of Social Security on Labor Supply: A Cohort Analysis of the Notch Generation." This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file. Journal of Labor Economics, Vol 10, no.2, October, 1992.

254. Angrist, Joshua D. and A. Krueger. "Why Do World War II Veterans Earn More Than Nonveterans?" This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file. Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 12, No. 1, January, 1994.

240. Krueger, Alan B. and J. Bound. "The Extent of Measurement Error in Longitudinal Earnings Data." This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file. Journal of Labor Economics, Vol 9, no 1, January 1991.

239. Krueger, Alan B. "Moral Hazard in Workers' Compensation." September 1988. This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.

238. Krueger, Alan B. "The Employers' Costs of Workers' Compensation Insurance: Magnitudes and Determinants." This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file. The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol 72, no 2, May 1990. (with John Burton, Jr.)

230. Holzer, Harry J., Lawrence F. Katz and Alan B. Krueger. "Job Queues and Wages: New Evidence on the Minimum Wage and Inter-Industry Wage Structure." This Working Paper is available for downloading as a pdf file. Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol 106, August 1991.

227. Krueger, Alan B. "The Determinants of Queues for Federal Jobs." This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, vol 41, no 4, July 1988.

226. Krueger, Alan B. "Ownership, Agency and Wages: An Examination of the Fast Food Industry." This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file.Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 9, no. 1, January, 1991, (with John Bound).

225. Krueger, Alan B. "Are Public Sector Workers Paid More Than Their Alternative Wage? Evidence from Longitudinal Data and Job Queues." This Working Paper may be downloaded as a pdf file. In Richard Freeman and B. Casey Ichniowski (eds.), When Public Sector Workers Unionize, (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1988), pp 217-240.